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The Stages Of Gum Disease

Gum Disease Roswell, GA

Gum disease is among the most serious oral health conditions. In fact, it is the leading cause of tooth loss in the United States and has been associated with several major health issues, like stroke, heart attack, diabetes and premature birth. However, it is important to know that gum disease occurs in stages. The serious threats of periodontal disease come in its later stages, but the early phases of gum disease are quite treatable with no lasting consequences.

Put in simple terms, gum disease is an infection of the gums and bone that support your teeth. However, each stage of gum disease can look different. It is important to be able to recognize periodontal symptoms so that you can seek treatment and reverse the condition.

Stage 1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis refers to the initial infection of the gums when plaque builds up on the teeth and gum line. Over time, the bacteria in plaque can irritate the gums and cause the following gingivitis symptoms:

  • Possible bad breath
  • Red, swollen and tender gums
  • Bleeding when flossing
  • Gums begin to pull away from tooth roots

At stage one, most patients can typically reverse gum disease by brushing and flossing better.

Stage 2: Early to Moderate Periodontal Disease

If gingivitis is not addressed, the infection will progress to the second stage. Moderate periodontal disease involves a deeper level of infection that can result in deep pockets of gum tissue and damage to the underlying bone. The infection can even enter your bloodstream at this stage. You may notice the following:

  • Increased redness and swelling of gums
  • Worsening bad breath
  • Bleeding when brushing and flossing
  • Loose teeth
  • Receding gums

Treatment for slight to moderate gum disease typically includes a “deep cleaning” with your dentist, also known as scaling and root planing.

Stage 3: Advanced Periodontal Disease

The late stages of untreated gum disease are often called periodontitis, in which the gums and bone can be extremely infected. Bone loss can be as much as 50%-70%! Pain and tooth loss are expected during periodontitis. More invasive and aggressive treatment is often necessary to restore the gums to health. Advanced periodontal disease is marked by the following warning signs:

  • Red, puffy, irritated and oozing gums
  • Teeth sensitivity
  • Worsening gum recession
  • Pain when chewing
  • Severe bad breath/Foul taste
  • Tooth loss and shifting teeth
  • Increased risk of heart disease, cancer and diabetes

If you have signs of gingivitis, moderate gum disease or periodontitis, please call Mitzi Morris, DMD. We have treatment options available to restore your gums, save your smile and protect your overall health!

Posted on the behalf of Mitzi Morris, DMD, PC

Our Patient Reviews

Mitzi D. Morris, DMD, PC

4.8/ 5.0

Based on 44 reviews

  • Dr. Morris is an excellent dentist. Her ability to relate to her patients makes her a stand-out amongst those in her profession. She practices dentistry with superior technique and care. Her staff is friendly, helpful, and accommodating. I feel she hires only the best! One special mention: I suffer from panic attacks at times- along with claustrophobia. Dr. Morris is the first dentist I have ever had who helped calm my fears. Thus, my experience exceeded expectations! Great service!

    Cathy Q
  • Definitely would recommend Dr. Morris to anyone. She has been my dentist for over 8 years! Dr. Morris is extremely personable and is serious about the completing the best care possible. Great established dental team! Very accommodating to your schedule.

    Kelly T
  • Great and very educational experience. Compared to my last two dentists this experience blows them both out of the water. The staff is very friendly, and very helpful. I had to go in for a total of four visits a few weeks apart from each other. They made me feel very comfortable the entire time and kept making sure I was pleased. Getting a deep cleaning went very smoothly. It was also brought to my attention that the way I was flossing was incorrect. And have since changed methods. I worked specifically with Dr. Morris. She was very nice, and took the time to explain things. Which is a huge plus for me. Dr. Morris and the staff members worked effortlessly together. I was comfortable enough to sit back and relax, strangely enough, while having cavities drilled and fillings put in. Billing and scheduling appointments, as well as follow up for confirmation of upcoming appointments was very easy. I will say my favorite part of the experience was how friendly of an environment the staff has created. That alone is deserving of a 5 star review, and the rest is honestly icing on the cake. I highly recommend this practice on all fronts and will continue using them!

    Eric F
  • I transferred from a long-term and very good relationship with my former dentist because of a move, and I was a little apprehensive about a new dentist. Dr. Morris has been great. She is friendly, patient-concerned and the office is new, comfortable and clean. Everyone seems to enjoy working there. I feel like I'm in good hands!

    Christopher P
  • Dr. Morris and her staff are very professional. Additionally, she as well as her staff have an excellent "bedside manner." The office is new and well equipped. If one has an appointment and an earlier one opens up, Dr. Morris offers it to her patients as she did with my last appointment.

    David G
  • I have never met a staff so nice and charming. This staff will make you feel comfortable and relaxed in Dr. Morris's Spa like office and everyone is professional and approachable too. Andrea R. explained the process of my appointment and procedures and is definitely a highly-educated and thorough dental hygenist -- SHE IS A ROCKSTAR. I'm so glad that Dr. Morris and her dental team have been my "go-to" for the last 5 years, and I wont be going anywhere else! Overall - A++ Dr. Morris...highly recommended to my family and friends!!!

    Adam O
  • I've been a patient of Dr. Mitzi Morris for many years, and recommend her without reservation. The office is modern. clean and spacious. The staff has always been welcoming and very helpful. And the women who work for her as dental technicians are fantastic; they do a professional and effective deep cleaning, but with a careful, gentle touch. It is clear to me that Dr. Morris reads her professional journals and upgrades her practice to stay very current with the latest best practices in dentistry. (I have had some dentists who stopped updating their practices after leaving dental school!) With Dr. Morris you can count on receiving the very latest dental technology. Her prices are very fair, and I have never been surprised by an unexpected cost or had problems with insurance not covering services rendered.

    Bruce C
  • I have never experienced an office so down to earth, so outgoing and so willing to satisfy. If you've grown to dread the dentist then lay down your sword and give this office a shot.

    Marc Mamane

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678-459-2990

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Wednesday: 7:00 am - 5:00 pm
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1295 Hembree Rd, Suite B202
Roswell, GA 30076

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