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The Different Stages of Periodontal Disease

Woman with a toothache

Periodontal (gum) disease is a progressive condition that is characterized by a chronic infection of the gums and supporting structures (bone and tissue) surrounding the teeth. If not treated properly, periodontal disease can cause serious dental health problems, including tooth loss. In fact, periodontal disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in American adults.

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease. Gingivitis involves an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque buildup at the gumline. When plaque is not removed by daily brushing and flossing, it produces toxins that can irritate the gum tissue. This irritation causes gingivitis. With gingivitis, you may notice some bleeding during brushing and flossing. At this point, the damage can be reversed as the bone and connective tissues supporting the teeth are not yet affected.

Periodontitis is the second stage of gum disease. If you have reached this stage, the bone and supporting tissues in your mouth have been irreversibly damaged. In this stage, pockets may begin to form below the gumline. These pockets can trap food and plaque and cause a harmful buildup of bacteria. At this stage, proper dental care is needed to prevent further damage. This may include a deep, professional cleaning (scaling and root planing).

Advanced periodontitis is the most advanced stage of gum disease. At this point, the fibers and bone supporting your teeth are destroyed and this can cause your teeth to shift or loosen. This can threaten the long-term health of your teeth. If your teeth cannot be saved, they will need to be removed and replaced with either dentures, a bridge or dental implants.

The best way to fight periodontal disease is to treat it early to prevent it from progressing to advanced periodontitis. If your gums are swollen and/or bleed easily, this could be a sign of periodontal disease. Schedule an appointment with your dentist today so you can prevent the progression of this common and serious dental health problem.

Posted on the behalf of Mitzi Morris, DMD, PC

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Mitzi Morris, DMD, PC – Roswell Dentist
1295 Hembree Rd, Suite B202
Roswell, GA 30076
Phone: 678-459-2990

Our Patient Reviews

Mitzi D. Morris, DMD, PC

4.8/ 5.0

Based on 44 reviews

  • Dr. Morris is an excellent dentist. Her ability to relate to her patients makes her a stand-out amongst those in her profession. She practices dentistry with superior technique and care. Her staff is friendly, helpful, and accommodating. I feel she hires only the best! One special mention: I suffer from panic attacks at times- along with claustrophobia. Dr. Morris is the first dentist I have ever had who helped calm my fears. Thus, my experience exceeded expectations! Great service!

    Cathy Q
  • Going to a new dentist can be stressful, but this experience was the BEST I have ever had. Dr. Morris and Dr. Fields are a cut above the rest, and they offer state of the art technology, and an environment that takes the sting out of going to the dentist for sure. Conveniently located in Roswell, the staff is caring, patient-focused, and efficient. I've never smiled so much at a dentist's office! I highly recommend friends and family making their next visit to this dentist. Pain free!!!!

    Lesley G
  • Definitely would recommend Dr. Morris to anyone. She has been my dentist for over 8 years! Dr. Morris is extremely personable and is serious about the completing the best care possible. Great established dental team! Very accommodating to your schedule.

    Kelly T
  • Great and very educational experience. Compared to my last two dentists this experience blows them both out of the water. The staff is very friendly, and very helpful. I had to go in for a total of four visits a few weeks apart from each other. They made me feel very comfortable the entire time and kept making sure I was pleased. Getting a deep cleaning went very smoothly. It was also brought to my attention that the way I was flossing was incorrect. And have since changed methods. I worked specifically with Dr. Morris. She was very nice, and took the time to explain things. Which is a huge plus for me. Dr. Morris and the staff members worked effortlessly together. I was comfortable enough to sit back and relax, strangely enough, while having cavities drilled and fillings put in. Billing and scheduling appointments, as well as follow up for confirmation of upcoming appointments was very easy. I will say my favorite part of the experience was how friendly of an environment the staff has created. That alone is deserving of a 5 star review, and the rest is honestly icing on the cake. I highly recommend this practice on all fronts and will continue using them!

    Eric F
  • I transferred from a long-term and very good relationship with my former dentist because of a move, and I was a little apprehensive about a new dentist. Dr. Morris has been great. She is friendly, patient-concerned and the office is new, comfortable and clean. Everyone seems to enjoy working there. I feel like I'm in good hands!

    Christopher P
  • Dr. Morris and her staff are very professional. Additionally, she as well as her staff have an excellent "bedside manner." The office is new and well equipped. If one has an appointment and an earlier one opens up, Dr. Morris offers it to her patients as she did with my last appointment.

    David G
  • I have never met a staff so nice and charming. This staff will make you feel comfortable and relaxed in Dr. Morris's Spa like office and everyone is professional and approachable too. Andrea R. explained the process of my appointment and procedures and is definitely a highly-educated and thorough dental hygenist -- SHE IS A ROCKSTAR. I'm so glad that Dr. Morris and her dental team have been my "go-to" for the last 5 years, and I wont be going anywhere else! Overall - A++ Dr. Morris...highly recommended to my family and friends!!!

    Adam O
  • I've been a patient of Dr. Mitzi Morris for many years, and recommend her without reservation. The office is modern. clean and spacious. The staff has always been welcoming and very helpful. And the women who work for her as dental technicians are fantastic; they do a professional and effective deep cleaning, but with a careful, gentle touch. It is clear to me that Dr. Morris reads her professional journals and upgrades her practice to stay very current with the latest best practices in dentistry. (I have had some dentists who stopped updating their practices after leaving dental school!) With Dr. Morris you can count on receiving the very latest dental technology. Her prices are very fair, and I have never been surprised by an unexpected cost or had problems with insurance not covering services rendered.

    Bruce C

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678-459-2990

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Monday: 8:00 am - 5:00 pm
Tuesday: 7:00 am - 3:00 pm
Wednesday: 7:00 am - 3:00 pm
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1295 Hembree Rd, Suite B202
Roswell, GA 30076

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